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Turquoise & Diopside Necklace 001

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Product Description

This necklace is made with Nevada mined Turquoise and deep green Chrome Diopside gemstones as accents.  The Turquoise stones are roughly 12mm by 8mm and I used PMC Paper Clay for the bezel settings and traditional chain mail techniques to join each bezel so the necklace bends and moves freely. The necklace measures 18 inches in length but is adjustable up to 21 inches.


Turquoise Gemstone

Turquoise is the blue cousin to lapis lazuli, and has been known and valued for thousands of years. The early mines in Sinai, Egypt, were already worked out in 2000 B.C. Today the best quality Turquoise is found in Iran. Turquoise was first sent to Europe through Turkey, hence its name, which means "Turkish" in French.

The brilliant sky-blue color has made Turquoise a classic gemstone, especially when set in silver. Cut into cabochons, Turquoise stones are used for all kinds of jewelry. Due to its relative softness, 5-6 (Mohs scale) it can be carved into ornamental objects but requires some care. Light, perspiration, oil, cosmetics and household chemicals can all affect the color of Turquoise.


Turquoise colors

Turquoise comes in sky-blue, blue-green and apple-green. Sky-blue is the most popular color, though green is the rarest. Pure blue colored Turquoise with no brown inclusions is also extremely rare. The gems are mostly mixed together with brown, dark gray, or black veins of other minerals or of the hosting rock (like chalcedony or opal, brown limonite, black chert, or white kaolinite). Those stones are called Turquoise matrix. Color ranges through shades of blue to blue-green, to yellowish green depending on the amount of copper (responsible for blue) chromium or vanadium (responsible for green,), and iron (responsible for yellow). There are rare specimens of blue-violet color, which contain strontium impurities.

In general the color is only stable if the stone is not exposed to strong light, high temperatures, perspiration, oil, cosmetics and household chemicals. . A Turquoise ring should always be removed before hands are washed. A loss of its natural water content (18-20%) results in undesirable color-changes as well. The most desired sky-blue color changes at 250 degrees C (482 degrees F) into a dull green. Most of the Turquoise found in the United States contains Fe, substituting Al, which causes a greenish color.


Grading Turquoise

Turquoise is an affordable stone for its carat weight.  When purchasing a stone you should take into consideration its:

A spotless sky-blue is the most desired color of turquoise, but rarely found. Apple green turquoise is rare. You want to make sure that the inclusions add to the pattern of the stone and do not detract from it.

Turquoise is translucent to opaque with a waxy luster. There is only one known deposit, in the state of Virginia, where turquoise is found in transparent to translucent visible crystals. Those specimens are rare and expensive.


Turquoise location and deposits

The finest qualities are found in Iran (near Nishapur). Other deposits are in Afghanistan, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, China, Israel, Mexico, Tanzania and the United States. (I purchase all of my rough material from the US only; straight from the mine.)


Common Turquoise treatments

Turquoise is porous and therefore often soaked with artificial resin that improves color and hardens the surface. Color-improvements can be gained with oil or paraffin, or other color agents like Berliner blue, aniline colors, or copper salt.  This treatment will turn the natural color of the stone over time.  I therefore do not use any treatments on my stones.  They are instead left natural and require a soak in water every once in a while to maintain their color.


Turquoise Healing Properties

Purification ♥ Serenity ♥ Protection ♥ Wisdom ♥ Balance ♥ Strength ♥ Friendship ♥ Love ♥ Positive thinking ♥ Sensitivity

Turquoise is a mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminum.  Turquoise is an 11th Anniversary gemstone and vibrates to the number 1.

Chakras - Heart Chakra, Throat Chakra, Third Eye Chakra

Birthstone - December

Zodiac - Scorpio, Sagittarius, Aquarius, Pisces

Planet – Venus & Neptune
Element – Earth/Air/Fire
Typical colors - turquoise, blue, green, yellow-green

Turquoise is a purification stone.  It dispels negative energy and can be worn to protect against outside influences or pollutants in the atmosphere.  Turquoise balances and aligns all the chakras, stabilizing mood swings and instilling inner calm.  It is excellent for depression and exhaustion, it also has the power to prevent panic attacks.  Turquoise promotes self-realization and assists creative problem solving.  It is a symbol of friendship, and stimulates romantic love.

Turquoise aids in the absorption of nutrients, enhances the immune system, stimulates the regeneration of tissue, and heals the whole body.  It contains anti-inflammatory and detoxifying effects, and alleviates cramps and pain.  Turquoise purifies lungs, soothes and clears sore throats, and heals the eyes, including cataracts.  It neutralizes over acidity, benefits rheumatism, gout, stomach problems, and viral infections.


Cleaning Turquoise:

Dampen a clean, soft-bristled toothbrush in clean water. Do not add any cleaning products to the water or the toothbrush when you are cleaning jewelry that is decorated with turquoise, as chemicals can damage the gem. A children's soft-bristle toothbrush works well. 

Gently scrub the surface of the stone with the brush. Rinse the brush under running water and then gently clean the silver or gold parts of the jewelry. When you are cleaning jewelry that has turquoise embellishments, do not leave it to soak in water. Turquoise is a porous gemstone that absorbs liquid.

Dry the whole piece well with a soft towel. Moisture that remains on the jewelry may dull the turquoise or tarnish the silver. You may want to leave the gemstone jewelry out to air-dry after toweling to be sure that it is dry.

Polish the jewelry, especially metal parts, with a jewelry polishing cloth. Don't use harsh anti-tarnish chemicals on the metal as they might come into contact with the gem.

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